Gynecological Issues and its Treatment in Mumbai

As a woman, you have to undergo many hormonal changes during your reproductive lifetime. These hormonal changes keep fluctuating as you grow older, so keeping your health in check is important.

In this article, Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, one of the best gynecologists in Mumbai, will share the most common gynecological problems women face and their treatment.

Dr. Hrishikesh Pai is one of the best IVF doctors in India. He has vast experience of 35+ years with thousands of cases performed in the fields of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Infertility. And he has been practicing as an IVF specialist, Gynecologist, and Obstetrician since 1991.

He is the Founder and Director of the Bloom IVF Group which has eight IVF centres all over India. Dr. Pai is also associate with Lilavati Hospital at Mumbai, DY Patil Hospital at Navi Mumbai and Fortis Hospitals at New Delhi, Gurgaon and Mohali Chandigarh.

Dr. Hrishikesh Pai is also a highly qualified and experienced fertility specialist with over 35 years of experience in gynecology and has always been keen on working towards bettering women’s health.

Gynecological Issues and Its Treatment

Below we shall see some of the common gynecology related issues that women face day by day.

Irregular Periods

Irregular periods are very common in women. Missing periods might be a sign of PCOS (polycystic ovarian symptom). If you have missed periods for more than three months straight, you might have PCOS.

Heavy bleeding is normal for 1 – 2 days. Some women have heavy bleeding for more than three days; you should contact the doctor in such cases.

Also, if you are suffering from painful cramps or clots, contact the doctor.


The doctor might suggest hormone therapy, including estrogen or progestin, to treat irregular periods. Metformin will be given to treat PCOS and insulin resistance.

Yeast Infections

According to statistics, about one in every three women have or already have had vaginal infections. Yeast infections in the vagina are caused by an overgrowth of yeast in the vagina.

Yeast infections cause a lot of irritation in the vagina, which can be frustrating and give off a foul smell.

Some factors that can cause a yeast infection are:

  • Uncontrollable diabetes
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Antibiotics
  • Feminine products – feminine hygiene products, tight underwear and clothes


Antifungal medications are commonly given for yeast infections; taking these medications for 3-7 days will clear the yeast infection.


Endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus, and this tissue can break off and bleed during your period. Still, as this tissue is outside the uterus, it has nowhere to go, which causes the surrounding tissues to become inflamed and swollen.

The inflammation of the tissue might develop into growths or lesions, says Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, one of the best gynecologist in Mumbai.

Doctors provide medication that will help in relieving the symptoms.


The doctor may suggest some hormonal contraceptives like birth control pills, patches, and vaginal rings to prevent the buildup of the endometrial tissue. 

Uterine Fibroids

These uterine fibroids are nodules made up of smooth muscle and tissues that form inside the uterus walls. Uterine fibroids are not harmful, but can cause immense pain during menstruation. This can also cause frequent urination or infertility.

Hysteroscopy was the only treatment that was done for treating uterine fibroids before any other methods of treatments were introduced.


Doctors will suggest over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs or prescriptions for treating mild cases.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammation is a disease of the upper genital. The upper genitalia includes the uterus, fallopian tubes, pelvic peritoneum, and surrounding region.

Sometimes an infection or inflammation affects the upper genital region, which can be a major reproductive health concern in young women.


The doctor will suggest you go through intensive antibiotic therapy.


Leucorrhea is a term used to define an excessive normal vaginal discharge.

This discharge is non-infective and odorless. This generally happens in women before menstruation, ovulating, and puberty.


There is no need for any specific medications for leucorrhea, but good hygiene is advocated.


Vaginitis is an infection and inflammation of the vagina. Dr Hrishikesh Pai says vaginitis is very common during childhood as estrogen is less, so infection occurs easily.

Trichomas Vaginitis

Trichomas Vaginitis is a type of vaginitis cause by the organism trichomonas vaginitis, in which the discharge is very thin and of a greenish-yellow color with a bad odor. This infection causes a sudden vaginal discharge followed by irritation and itching around the vagina.

Treatment for trichomas vaginitis

A tablet called metronidazole is give to consume thrice daily.

Candida Vaginitis

Candida vaginitis is an infection caused by the organism Candida albicans in which the discharge is thick, white, and in general in the form of flakes.

Treatment for candida vaginitis

Nystatin, miconazole, or clotrimazole are a type of drugs that are often give in the form of vaginal creams.


In the above article, Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, one of the best gynecologists in Mumbai, has shared some common gynecological issues found in women and their treatment.

It is important for a woman to regularly check on your vaginal health. If you find yourself suffering from any of the aforementioned issues, make sure that you reach out to the doctor.

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